What are objects of reference? 

Objects of Reference are objects which have special meanings assigned to them  


Who uses objects of reference?  

• People with profound and multiple learning disabilities 

• People with multi sensory loss  

• People with sight impairment  

• People with short or long term memory difficulties  

• People with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder for whom the spoken word has little  meaning.   


Why use OORs? 

● Objects of reference can be useful for people with communication disabilities  who do not respond to other methods of communication such as speech, signs  or pictures.  

● Objects are concrete and permanent allowing time to process and offer lots of  sensory information. They do not rely on processing verbal information or  memory.  

● They are also easier to interpret than pictures for those with visual perceptual  problems.   

● For some they can offer a bridge to link symbol understanding.     


What are OORs? 

● Objects of Reference are objects that are used to communicate a meaning in  the same way as words and pictures. They can be used to represent anything  we want to communicate: people, places, activities, events etc. For example a  cup can stand for a drink, a ball can represent outside play, a piece of towel  could communicate that it is bathtime.  

● We are likely to be using everyday objects with the individuals we support  already e.g.  when saying to a person “we are going out” whilst handing them  their coat, thereby giving them a visual clue as to what is going to happen, so  they do not need to understand all the words you are saying.
● OORs are objects that are used in a structured and consistent way, and used  every time the activity etc is going to happen. 

● An object becomes an Object of Reference when the person begins to associate  it with the activity it represents.


St Ann's School
Headteacher: Gillian Carver

Springfield Road, Hanwell W7 3JP
Google Maps / StreetMap

Phone: 02085676291 
Fax: 02088404664


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